- Butterfly: Weidemeyer’s Admiral (Limenitis weidemeyerii)
- Description: Dorsal wings: black and white. Rows of white spots. Ventral: brown with grey markings along sides of hind wing.
- Nectar Sources: Willow Tree, Aspen Tree (quaking aspen, trembling aspen, quakies), Poplar Tree, Choke Cherry Tree
Weidemeyer’s Admiral Butterfly Photo Gallery
Weidemeyer’s Admiral Butterfly
Weidemeyer’s Admiral Butterfly Nectar Source: Willow Tree
Weidemeyer’s Admiral Butterfly Nectar Source: Aspen Tree
Weidemeyer’s Admiral Butterfly Nectar Source: Poplar Tree
Weidemeyer’s Admiral Butterfly Nectar Source: Choke Cherry Tree
- Butterfly: Viceroy Butterfly (Limenitis archippus)
- Description: Orange and black wings. Mimic of Monarch.
- Locations: wooded areas, city parts, free spaces
- Wingspan: 53-81 mm
- Flight: Diurnal – late morning, early afternoon
- Nectar Sources: Plum Tree, Cherry Tree
- Host Plants: Willow Tree, Poplar Tree, Cottonwood Tree
Viceroy Butterfly Photo Gallery
Viceroy Butterfly Nectar Source : Plum Tree
Viceroy Butterfly Nectar Source : Cherry Tree
Viceroy Butterfly Caterpillar
Viceroy Butterfly Caterpillar Host Plant : Willow Tree
Viceroy Butterfly Caterpillar Host Plant : Poplar Tree
Viceroy Butterfly Caterpillar Host Plant : Cottonwood Tree
Viceroy Butterfly Pupa
The Lorquin’s Admiral (Limenitis lorquini) is a butterfly from the Nymphalinae subfamily. The butterfly is named after Pierre Joseph Michel Lorquin, a French naturalist that came to California from France during the Gold Rush and made important discoveries on the natural history of the terrain. Lorquin’s Admiral Butterfly Physical description
The Lorquin’s Admiral has brown-black wings, each with a row of white spots across the wings and orange colored tips. Wingspan: 47 to 71 mm though females are generally larger than males. Lorquin’s Admiral Butterfly Habitat
The Lorquin’s Admiral can mostly be found across Upper Sonoran to the Canadian Zone, east to western Montana and Idaho. Known areas include southern British Columbia (including Vancouver Island, north of Emerald Lake), Cypress Hills in southwestern Saskatchewan as well as southwestern Alberta.The butterfly resides mostly in forest edges, mountain canyons, parks, streamsides, fencerows, orchards, and groves of cottonwood and poplar. Usually the butterflies feed on California buckeye, yerba santa, privet, bird droppings, and dung. It is extremely territorial and will attack any intruders to its habitat, including large birds. Lorquin’s Admiral Butterfly Larva
The Lorquin’s Admiral larva are usually yellow along with a patch of white on its back. They are laid near or on the tips of leaves. Common trees that the larva feed on include willow (Salix), poplar, wild cherry (Prunus), cottonwood (Populus), and an assortment of orchard trees including that of cherry, apple, and plum. Lorquin’s Admiral Butterfly Flight season
The Lorquin’s Admiral usually flies around April to October, though it depends on the region. Butterflies found in northern areas tend to fly once (usually between June and August) whereas southern butterflies (mainly in California) tend to fly multiple times. Lorquin’s Admiral Butterfly Similar species
* White Admiral (L. arthemis’)
* Weidemeyer’s Admiral (L. weidemeyerii)
* California Sister Butterfly (Adelpha bredowii californica)
Lorquin’s Admiral Butterfly
: Buckeye Tree (California Buckeye), Yerba Santa, Privet, Bird Droppings, Dung.
Host Plants: Willow Tree, Poplar Tree, Apple Tree, Plum Tree, Cherry Tree, Cottonwood Tree, Willow Tree.
Region 1: Oregon, Washington, Southern British Columbia.
Category: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Brush-footed (Nymphalidae), Butterflies, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Family, Florida, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Region 1, Region 2, Region 3, Region 4, Region 5, Region 6, Region 7, Region 8, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Southeast Manitoba, Southern Alberta, Southern British Columbia, Southern Ontario, Southern Quebec, Southern Saskatchewan, Southwest Manitoba, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, Washington DC, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming
aka Camberwell Beauty Butterfly
Nymphalis antiopa, known as the Mourning Cloak in North America and the Camberwell Beauty in Britain, is a large butterfly native to Eurasia and North America. See also Anglewing butterflies. The immature form of this species is sometimes known as the spiny elm caterpillar. Other older names for this species include Grand Surprise and White Petticoat. A powerful flier, this species is sometimes found in areas far from its usual range during migration. It is also the State Insect of Montana. Mourning Cloak Butterfly Appearance and Behaviour
Nymphalis antiopa has a wingspan of 6275 mm. The upper side of the butterfly is colored in a very dark red, with a bright, yellowish border around the wings. There is a darker band with bright blue spots between the border and the dark red inner side. Sexes are similar, although the females are slightly larger.
These butterflies lay eggs in clusters around twigs of their favored food plants, in Europe, generally Grey Willow (Salix cinerea) and in North America, generally Black Willow (Salix nigra) but also other willow species, as well as poplar, elm, birch, and hackberry. The larvae feed gregariously, and are black and spiny, with fine white speckles, and a row of red spots running down the back. They disperse to pupate and emerge after about three weeks. Soon after emergence, they will disperse further from their breeding grounds in order to find food (sometimes nectar, but more commonly tree sap) to build up fat stores for hibernation, and will often enter parks and gardens to do so. They are single-brooded and hibernate as adults.
Throughout its range, this species is generally considered a butterfly of woodlands, though it may occasionally be found in drier areas such as the deserts of western North America. During migration, they may be found in almost any habitat. The Mourning Cloak was adopted as the state butterfly of the State of Montana in 2001. Mourning Cloak Butterfly Distribution
In North America, N. antiopa ranges from the northern tundra to central Mexico. It is also found throughout continental Europe to eastern Siberia and Japan. Migrants arrive in Great Britain most years during summer and autumn, but numbers are usually very low. There is no evidence that the species breeds in Britain; it is thought that mild, wet winters prevent them from surviving there for very long. The ‘Butterfly Farmer’ L. Hugh Newman raised thousands for release at his ‘farm’ in Bexley, but none were seen the following spring. Specimens stored in his refrigerator for the winter survived however.
This was introduced in any number of areas across the world – probably from central Europe from areas lost to mining. There was some strong connection with oak trees. The resurrection of mourning cloaks in the spring had a strong meaning to many different groups. By the way, none of the oaks may be native to North America. They may have been introduced by many many different groups of Europeans, the rarest from areas lost to mining. Mourning Cloak Butterfly Etymology
Mourning Cloak Butterfly The American name “Mourning Cloak”
The Swedish name is sorgmantel which literally translates to “Mourning Cloak”, suggesting it is a name which came with Scandinavian rather than British settlers, for whom this species would be rather less familiar. Mourning Cloak Butterfly The British name “Camberwell Beauty”
The name originated from the discovery of two individuals at Coldharbour Lane in Camberwell in August 1748. Camberwell is in South London, about three miles south of London Bridgein reporting this, the author Harris named the species Grand Surprise or Camberwell Beauty. It has been suggested that the “pair” were stowaways on ships bringing timber from Scandinavia. Mourning Cloak Butterfly In popular culture
The poem Unconscious came a beauty by May Swenson mentions the Mourning cloak (or the similar looking Red-spotted purple) a butterfly that makes her pause and think, while writing. The poem is also a word-picture or iconograph the lines are laid out to look like a butterfly. In the Doomspell Trilogy by Cliff McNish, Camberwell Beauties are the main icon of the baby Yemi. They act as his protectors and guides and Yemi’s magic enlarges them to the size of cats.
Mourning Cloak Butterfly (Camberwell Beauty Butterfly)
: Host Plants: Willow Tree, Elm Tree, Poplar Tree, Birch Tree, Hackleberry Tree.
Category: Alabama, Arkansas, Butterflies, Connecticut, Delaware, Family, Florida, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Region 6, Region 7, Region 8, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Southern Ontario, Southern Quebec, Swallowtail (Papilionidae), Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, Washington DC, West Virginia
The Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (Papilio glaucus) is a large (12 cm wingspan) swallowtail butterfly. It is found in the Eastern United States, as far north as southern Vermont, and as far West as extreme Eastern Colorado. It flies from spring through fall, and most of the year in the southern portions of its range, where it may produce two or three broods a year. In the Appalachian region, it is replaced by the closely-related and only recently described larger-sized Papilio appalachiensis, and in the north, it is replaced by the closely-related Papilio canadensis. These three species can be very difficult to distinguish, and were formerly all considered to be a single species.
Adult males are yellow, with four black “tiger stripes” on each fore wing. The trailing edges of the fore and hind wings are black which is broken with yellow spots. On the medial margin of the hind wing next to the abdomen there are small red and blue spots.
There are two morphs of adult females, a yellow and a dark one. The yellow morph is similar to the male, except that the hind wings have an area of blue between the black margin and the main yellow area. In the dark morph, most of the yellow areas are replaced with a dark gray to a black. A shadow of the “tiger stripes” can still be seen on the dark females. The dark form is more common in the Southern portions of the range, especially in areas also inhabited by the poisonous Pipevine swallowtail, which it seems to mimic.
Eastern Tiger Swallowtails often rest with their wings fully spread, particularly if the sun is out.
Female lays spherical green eggs on the top of leaves of host plants. After hatching, the caterpillars often eat the shell of their egg. The first instars are dark and mimic bird droppings. The second and third instars use mimicry camouflage to the extreme. Lying quietly on a branch or leaf the caterpillar appears to be a piece of bird excrement but if disturbed rears its head and acts like an aggressive snake similar to the Hognose Snake. If disturbed enough, it will extend two red horns known as osmeterium from its underside that look like a snake’s tongue. This fearsome visual disguise is often enough to frighten or fool a curious bird or predator. The larvae eat the leaves of a wide variety of trees and shrubs, including cottonwood, tulip tree, sweet bay, Lemon and cherry. Adults are strictly diurnal; they start to fly towards noon and by and by return to rest throughout the afternoon (Fullard & Napoleone 2001).
State butterfly status
The Eastern tiger swallowtail is the state butterfly of Georgia, Virginia, Alabama, South Carolina and Delaware.
Source: Wikipedia Eastern Tiger Swallowtail Butterfly Nectar Sources:
Eastern Tiger Swallowtail Butterfly Caterpillar
Eastern Tiger Swallowtail Butterfly Caterpillar Host Plants:
Sweet Bay Tree
Eastern Tiger Swallowtail Butterfly Eggs
Eastern Tiger Swallowtail Butterfly
: Cherry Tree, Poplar Tree.
Host Plants: Cottonwood Tree, Tulip Tree, Sweet Bay Tree, Lemon Tree, Cherry Tree.
Region 6: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia.
Region 7: Connecticut, Delaware, Indiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Washington, DC , West Virginia, Southern Ontario, Southern Quebec.